Currently, one in every 330 children in the United States develops cancer before the age of nineteen. (According to www.ChildCancer.org)
The cure rate for childhood cancer has gone from 10% 60 years ago to 80% today. Despite this cancer is the leading cause of disease related non accidental death for children. The number of children diagnosed with cancer in the U.S. each year puts more potential years of life at risk than any single type of adult cancer. (According to)
Generally unknown. Currently, there are no established guidelines for childhood cancer prevention. (According to www.ChildCancer.org)
Childhood cancers are mostly those of the white blood cells (leukemia’s), brain, bone, the lymphatic system and tumors of the muscles and kidneys. Each of these behaves differently. The median age for childhood cancer is less than six. Infants with cancer and children whose disease has spread to distant sites in the body at the time when first diagnosed are difficult to treat. Children frequently have a more advanced stage of cancer when they are first diagnosed. 80% of children show that the cancer has spread to distant sites in the body when the disease is first diagnosed. (According to www.ChildCancer.org)
Current Treatment Options
Children with cancer should be treated at an established academic children’s cancer treatment center. Texas Children’s Cancer Center is the largest children’s cancer center in the United States. A child with cancer must be diagnosed precisely and treated by clinical and laboratory scientists who have expertise in the management of children with cancer. Advances in treatment have been made in some childhood cancers.